A good structural system helps a house maintain its value and safety. It is important to identify and repair issues with a building before they worsen. By recognizing the following signs of structural problems in the home, you will know when to schedule maintenance and repairs.
Cracks on the Exterior and Interior Walls
Wall cracks are not always a sign of structural problems, but it’s important to contact a professional to discern the cause of the crack. Cracks in interior or exterior walls may mean there’s a problem with the foundation. If you notice exterior wall cracks in the same places as the cracks on interior walls, this is a sign of a serious problem that needs immediate attention.
Uneven Floors are Signs of Structural Problems
Many people overlook uneven floors. Depending on the degree of the slant, it may not be noticeable in your home. While uneven floors don’t necessarily indicate structural problems, it’s best to contact an engineer to assess the issue. Uneven floors can point to poor construction practices and problems with the foundation.
Wood is a commonly used construction material with a long lifespan, depending on the type of lumber. However, the wood frame of a home can begin to rot or decay if exposed to mold, fungi, and excessive moisture. If you notice rotting, this will eventually lead to problems with the structure. Wood rot often goes hand-in-hand with mold and mildew which pose health risks.
Problems with Doors and Windows
Areas around doors and windows will sometimes show signs of structural issues before other portions of the wall. The major signs include uneven gaps around the door, windows and doors that don’t open and close smoothly, and doors that won’t lock properly.
Signs of Structural Problems Include Crumbling Concrete
In most cases, problems with concrete are associated with exposure to moisture, natural elements, and chemicals. Chemicals can be absorbed by the concrete and react with the materials causing corrosion. This poses serious risks to the structure of your house. If you notice areas of your foundation that are crumbling, hire a professional to assess the situation.
Roof Leaks and Sagging Roofs
Depending on your roofing materials, they should last a minimum of 20 years before a replacement is necessary. If you discover your roof is leaking before the end of its life expectancy, there might be a problem with the frame shifting. Repair any roof leaks immediately because they may cause water damage to the frame.
A sagging roof suggests that there are issues with the roof structure. This type of problem is often caused by termite damage, the removal of load-bearing walls, and incorrect framing at the time of construction.
Termites Can Be a Sign of Structural Problems
Termites can cause serious structural damage to a house. They eat away at ceiling joists, framing, support beams, and wall studs, weakening the lumber there. A home infested by termites will eventually have structural problems. If the insects are not exterminated and the damage isn’t repaired immediately, the house may become unhabitable.
Slow or Blocked Drainage Systems
A slow drainage system is a problem that happens in many homes. Usually, this is a minor plumbing issue that a professional plumber can fix. However, persistent blockage throughout the house may be a sign of a problem with the main sewer line. It could have been damaged by the foundation of the house shifting. Contact a professional plumber to troubleshoot and determine how best to solve the problem.